# BPCA's College of Physical Education  # Special News RESEARCH TRAINING DRIVE (RTD)

## INPUT (CONTENT)

• Basic concept of Research, Characteristics, types and Steps of Research, Variable and its classification.
• Hypothesis: Meaning, Types, Wording, Testing, Type I Error, Type II Error, One Tailed Test and Two Tailed Test.
• Sampling: Population, Sample, Sampling Techniques-Probability Sampling and Non-Probability Sampling, Size of samples and Sampling Error.
• Tools: Characteristics, Types, Selection of appropriate tool, construction and Standardization of tool.
• Methods of Research: Philosophical, Historical, Survey, Experimental and case study.
• Experimental Designs: Principle, Characteristics, Types, Internal and External Validity, Different Methods of Controlling Intervening variables, Layout of designs, Internal and External validity of each design, Statistical Technique to be used for analyzing the data along with interpretation.
• Basic concepts of statistics, parameter and statistics, parametric statistics and Non parametric statistics, different statistical techniques-Assumptions, Calculation, and interpretation.
• Use of SPSS
• Writing of proposal, Report and reference.

## OUTPUT ( UNDERSTANDING AND APPLICATION)

This workshop will be useful to those who are interested in knowing the answers to the questions such as:

• When can a phenomenon / event/ behaviour become a PROBLEM?
• How does one come to know that the IDENTIFICATION OF A PROBLEM is over?
• Why first step is IDENTIFICATION OF PROBLEM but not SELECTION OF PROBLEM?
• Why SD cannot be narrow or broad?
• Should title of a Research be narrow or broad?
• What is the difference between HYPOTHESIS, ASSUMPTION, SUPPOSITION, PRESUMPTION?
• Can df be in fraction?
• Can QUESTIONNAIRE be NEGATIVE?
•  Why reliability coefficient cannot be NEGATIVE?
• What is the difference between CORRELATION & ASSOCIATION?
• How to state different Types of HYPOTHESIS?
• When to use the word MEASUREMENT & ASSESSMENT?
• Can SD be grater than M?
• Can OBJECTIVES of RESEARCH be stated in Question form?
• Why CORRELATION COEFFICIENT can not be more than +/-1?
• Why t – values given in t – Table increases with increase in LEVEL OF SIGNIFICANCE when df is kept constant?
• Why Research OBJECTIVES are stated before writing the HYPOTHESES?
• Why instead of IDENTIFICATION OF A PROBLEM, SELECTION OF PROBLEM cannot be the first step of Research?

OUR MISSION

research is for Research and Knowledge